What causes bioluminescence in the ocean? Because marine life shines in the summer

  • Although these microscopic organisms are among the smallest in the oceans, their blooms are often visible from space.
  • Phytoplankton are essential for making the planet livable and contribute to the global carbon cycle as key producers of oxygen.
  • The composition of phytoplankton blooms could change over time as sea surface temperatures rise, scientists say.
  • Phytoplankton can grow explosively within days or weeks, according to NASA.

The microscopic plant-like organisms that form dazzling turquoise displays in shallow water are back as spring in North America transitions to a wet summer.

Sunlight and warm temperatures in the North Sea, between Scotland and Norway, allowed phytoplankton to come alive this month, smothering ocean waters with thick, slippery cyanobacterial blooms in one of nature’s most amazing phenomena, according to the NOAA.

Bioluminescence, a chemical reaction most commonly seen in marine organisms, causes living things to emit light. When these organisms are moved by the waves or the paddle of a kayak or canoe, the light becomes visible. The bioluminescence of most marine and terrestrial organisms appears blue-green, however, some terrestrial species, such as fireflies, beetle larvae, and even fungi, also glow yellow.

#bioluminescence #ocean #marine #life #shines #summer
Image Source : www.usatoday.com

Leave a Comment